History of Aikido
Aikido is a martial way that was created in Japan in the early 1920s by Morihei Ueshiba (1883-1969) or O Sensei. O Sensei, which means 'great teacher,' was a man dedicated to the study of classical martial arts including the sword, spear, staff, and various types of empty-hand combat. O Sensei developed aikido through an intense and committed lifelong study of these ancient warrior traditions.
O Sensei, however, was not merely satisfied to create an effective form of self-defense or combat. He sought true victory over himself as well. Through vigorous spiritual and physical training, the art of aikido emerged, which in Japanese means "way of harmony with the fundamental force of the universe." Like other Japanese martial traditions, O Sensei's aikido was a type of Budo, or martial path meant for the polishing of the spirit as well as the body. "The purpose of training," said O Sensei, "is to tighten up the slack, toughen the body, and polish the spirit."